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海水养殖鱼类仔、稚鱼骨骼发育与畸形发生 [中文引用][英文引用]

Skeletal ontogeny and deformities in commercially cultured marine fish larvae

作者:郑珂1  岳昊2  郑攀龙3  马振华3 
作者(英文):ZHENG Ke1  YUE Hao2  ZHENG Panlong3  MA Zhenhua3 
关键词(英文):marine fish larvae  skeletal ontogeny  skeletal deformities 
分类号:S917
出版年·卷·期(页码):2016·23·第1期(250-261)
DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1118.2016.15226
-----摘要:-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

骨骼畸形可导致鱼类运动困难、摄食能力降低、生长缓慢、成活率低,因此,畸形鱼苗的出现将增加生产成本、影响养殖的经济效益。在海水鱼类人工育苗阶段,骨骼畸形现象普遍存在,严重制约了海水鱼类养殖产业的可持续发展。本文首先系统总结了卵形鲳鲹、黄尾鰤、尖吻鲈等经济海水鱼类颌骨、脊柱、尾骨的早期发育时序及特点,比较了仔、稚鱼骨骼畸形发生的部位、时间及发生规律。之后针对仔、稚鱼阶段影响骨骼发育的主要因素,从遗传、环境、营养等方面进行了剖析,以期为寻找降低人工养殖条件下海水鱼类仔、稚鱼的骨骼畸形提供启示。

-----英文摘要:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Skeletal malformations are often associated with limited movement, reduced feeding capacity, depressed growth, and a high mortality rate. Deformed fish have a low market value and represent wasted time and effort. Skeletal malformations are observed frequently in hatchery-reared marine finfish larvae and juveniles. Such malformations continually hinder development of marine finfish aquaculture. This study summarizes early bone development (including jaw skeleton, vertebral column, and caudal vertebra) characteristics of commercial marine fish, such as golden pompano, yellowtail kingfish, and Asian sea bass, and compares bone malformation position, time of occurrence, and frequency in fish larvae. We also review genetic, environmental, and nutritional factors that regulate skeletal development in marine fish larvae to help reduced skeletal deformities during marine larval fish culture.

-----参考文献:---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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若需在您的论文中引用此文,请按以下格式著录参考文献:
中文著录格式: 郑珂1,,岳昊2,,郑攀龙3,,马振华3.海水养殖鱼类仔、稚鱼骨骼发育与畸形发生.中国水产科学.2016;23(1):250-261.
英文著录格式: ZHENG,Ke1,,YUE,Hao2,,ZHENG,Panlong3,,MA,Zhenhua3.Skeletal ontogeny and deformities in commercially cultured marine fish larvae.No Title Settings.2016;23(1):250-261.

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